Singapore is a highly urbanized country with minimal land. Despite this, about 1% of Singapore’s land area is dedicated to farming. These farms and agricultural plantations produce a variety of crops for local consumption.
Singapore also started urban farming recently to increase food security and reduce dependence on imported food. Here is a video from Tomorrow’s Build to explain the future of Singapore farming.
If you are interested in farming and want to explore Singapore’s agricultural landscape, you have come to the right article.
This article will provide some in-depth information and include the places you can visit to explore some countryside experiences.
Importance of Food Security to Singapore
As a city-sized country with a rapidly growing population, food security is a significant concern for the city-state. Singapore does not have enough land to produce all the food it needs, so it relies heavily on imports. The country imports about 90% of its food, some directly from neighboring countries.
This dependency leaves Singapore vulnerable to disruptions in the global food supply chain. For example, a ban on poultry imports from Malaysia caused a notable chicken shortage in Singapore.
This highlights the importance of food security for Singapore. The country is working to increase food production to ensure self-sufficiency and reduce dependence on imported food.
One way to achieve this is by increasing local food production and exploring urban farming. Urban farming refers to the practice of growing crops within an urban environment. This can be done on rooftops, balconies, vacant lots, or any other available space in the city.
Urban farming is a viable option for Singapore as it does not require a lot of land. It also can improve food security and reduce dependence on imported food.
Traditional Farms in Singapore
Most of these farms are located northwest of Singapore on the city’s outskirts. Some of these farms also offer tours and activities for visitors. This is a great way to learn about traditional farming methods and how crops are produced locally.
These conventional farms have been around in Singapore for many years. They provide a vital food source for the country and play an essential role in food security.
Suppose you are interested in farming and want to explore Singapore’s agricultural landscape. In that case, you can visit one of these farms.
Here, you will be able to learn about the different conventional farming techniques and see how crops are grown. They play an essential role in the country’s food security and provide a source of fresh, locally-grown produce.
Here are a few of Singapore’s most famous traditional farms open to the public for a visit.
BEE AMAZED Garden
The BEE AMAZED Garden is a unique visitors’ center located at Kampung Kamping. They offer educational programs, family activities, and corporate workshops that can be customized accordingly to suit your needs or interests.
Visitors will learn a brief history of beekeeping, local honey bees, and their sting, in addition to tasting some delicious honey.
You can observe these fascinating insects up close at the observatory after learning all there is to know on this topic from an expert educator.
Address: 463 Clementi Road, Singapore 599494
Known for more than its organic produce, Bollywood Farms includes a culinary school alongside an interactive museum where you can learn about how your favorite food is made.
They also have a cafe using only fresh ingredients harvested from their backyard.
Bollywood Veggies is open to the public and offers a range of activities such as tours, workshops, and classes. You can also buy fresh produce from the farm’s shop.
Address: 100 Neo Tiew Road, Singapore 719026
Green Circle Eco-Farm
The Singapore organic farm is one of the few places in the city to get fresh, chemical-free produce. The farm uses a rainwater capture system to water the plants. All the materials used to support them are made from reused wood and other items within the farm.
The owners take great pride in the quality of their farm, and you can learn more about it on a guided tour or by participating in hands-on activities on vegetable farming.
Green Circle also strongly advocates conservation and environmental education and awareness. Public visitors are allowed into the farm, and people curious about how food is grown and produced can join their tour. Green Circle is also an animal-friendly place.
Address: 41 Neo Tiew Road Singapore 719028
Hay Dairies Goat Farm
The only goat farm in Singapore producing milk locally, Hay Dairies has over 800 goats of various breeds.
You can walk around the farm premises and see all sorts of exciting things at your own pace. Maybe you’ll find some goats lazing in their barns or looking out, wondering what’s happening outside.
You can visit the farm to learn how the goats are raised and milked. The milking process takes place from 9 am and ends around 10:30 am. You can also buy fresh produce from the farm’s shop.
Khaiseng Fish Farm
This is one of the many fish farms in the North-West of Singapore. They have been sustainably farming fresh fish in Singapore across more than 30 fish ponds since 1997. The fish farm is one of its kind to receive the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore’s approval to sell fish on its premises.
Khaiseng Fish Farm imports live goods such as Toman (Snakehead), Bullfrog, and Freshwater Eel from Malaysia and Taiwan. In addition to freshwater fish, saltwater species, including Grouper, Tiger Prawns, and Sea Bass, are available seasonally.
It’s open for walk-ins so that you can visit the place.
Kok Fah Technology Farm
The Kok Fah Technology Farm is a local family-owned business that has produced fresh vegetables for the past 40 years. Daily operations are managed by 3rd & 4th-generation members, including Mr. Wong Kok Fai and his three brothers. They took over from their father in 1979.
They recognized the need to invest in technology and, as a result, introduced several high-tech machinery with government grants to assist with farming operations to enhance efficiency and productivity.
A small local market takes place over the weekend, which is very popular and has a wide selection of fresh vegetables. They also have farm tours, a store, and a food area for visitors to get some food.
Smith Marine Floating Restaurant & Fish Farm
They are one of the fish farms located off Changi Beach. It comprises a few different floating structures that cover almost 5,000 sqm.
The fish are raised in carefully controlled conditions and are free from diseases and parasites. They rear around 30 tonnes of fish annually, including the popular seabass, red snapper, and grouper.
Tourists can dine at the on-site restaurant, which offers a stunning view of the fish farm. The restaurant serves fresh seafood dishes that are caught and prepared daily.
Located off Changi and Pulau Ubin, you must pre-book your dining beforehand. The Smith Marine Floating Restaurant is accessible by a 15-minute bumboat ride from the Changi Point Ferry Terminal.
GPS Coordinates: 01’23’52″N – 103’57’42″E
Urban Farming in Singapore
The Singapore government started exploring urban agriculture by launching a pilot project to increase production. This project encouraged Singaporeans to grow their food in urban spaces.
The project’s success led to more urban farming initiatives in subsequent years. For example, in 2012, the SFA launched the “Farm in a Box” project, providing people with all the necessary equipment and materials to start urban farms.
Since then, Singaporeans have shown a growing interest in urban farming. As a result, more people are starting their farms and agricultural plantations. This contributes to the country’s food security and reduces its dependence on imported food.
There are now numerous urban farms across the city-state, ranging from rooftop gardens to large commercial farms.
Here are some urban farms in Singapore open to the public for a visit.
Urban Farm @ Funan
Singapore must produce food in the well-built and densely populated city urban scape, especially given its difficulties with food scarcity. Hence, Singapore started exploring rooftop vegetable gardens. The 5k square feet urban farm on the roof of Funan shopping mall produces a wide selection of plants such as leafy greens, mushrooms, herbs, fruits, and edible flowers.
Restaurants in the malls use the harvest products. You’ll also get breathtaking views, including Singapore River scenes alongside Supreme Court buildings.
Here, you will learn more about the various farming methods, such as soil-based systems and growing plants without soil. In addition, you can experience the entire process of planting and harvesting.
Open Farm Community
A leafy glasshouse adjacent to the Botanic Garden combines an urban farm with a dining experience in tropical climates. The food at this restaurant is prepared with a farm-to-table concept in mind, which means that they only utilize the highest quality, locally sourced ingredients in all meals.
The 10,000 sqft lush edible garden was inspired by permaculture. It featured 50 varieties of culinary herbs and local vegetables, which the chefs will harvest from this lush property twice daily.
This is the perfect place to enjoy a meal with family or friends, as the restaurant offers beautiful views of the surrounding garden. After dinner, stroll around the grounds and explore the kid-friendly play areas.
Address: 130E Minden Road, Singapore 248819
There are many vertical farms worldwide, but Sky Greens is the world’s first hydraulic-driven low-carbon emissions farm developed to address Singapore’s land and water scarcity problems. The 38 tiers of growing troughs rotate around an A-shaped aluminum tower approximately 9 meters (about 30 feet) tall, powered by a water-pulley system.
It is located in Singapore’s Kranji Countryside; the farm grows a variety of leafy greens, herbs, and vegetables using a hydroponic growing system. The vertical farming uses 90% less land and 80% less water than traditional farms.
The farm is open to the public and offers tours that provide an exciting introduction to vertical farming. The tour includes visiting the control room to learn about the technology.
Address: 200 Lim Chu Kang Lane 3, 718804
City Sprouts transformed the former Henderson Secondary School in Redhill into a 9,000-square-meter food and social center. Founded in 2019, City Sprouts is a social enterprise aiming to foster urban farming in our concrete jungle while establishing meaningful connections between people.
One of the largest urban farms in Singapore, City Sprouts aims to act as a platform for hobbyists, agri-preneurs, agrifood, agritech partners, and neighboring communities to engage with agriculture and food. This is also Singapore’s first plot-share urban farm and F&B concept in a repurposed school canteen.
The other half of the school blocks were converted into a Kindergarten daycare center. It also has a student hostel, a nursing home, and an outdoor fitness center.
Address: 102 Henderson Road, Singapore 159562
VertiVegies Vertical Farm
VertiVegies is a commercial-scale vertical farm that was set up in 2017. The company grows leafy greens and herbs using an indoor vertical farm with the latest hydroponics technology in a controlled environment.
Controlled environment agriculture enables the farm to operate independently of external conditions, such as sunlight, water, and soil. In addition, they have unlocked the potential of indoor food production using LED and hydroponic techniques to grow a wide range of vegetables.
The crops produced this way are safer, fresher, and free of pesticides, but they are also available all year round.